Back pain is complex because your spine is loaded with neuro-sensitive tissues like ligaments, nerves, and muscles that have the primary goal of protecting your spinal cord. But back pain isn’t always due to structural, mechanical damage.
Studies have shown MRI images of people with back pain who have no structural damage, and yet their pain is real. Although back pain often results from structural damage like degeneration or disc herniations, that isn't always the cause of pain.
There are many components that signal pain, and one blog post won't scratch the surface of this topic's complexity. But to simplify it, tissue dysfunction and pain can be boiled down to too much stress without enough recovery.
In order for your body to function well, recover from exercise, build muscle, and be metabolically and emotionally healthy, you have to have a balance between your recovery response, and your stress response. These two systems are called...